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May 13 2012

Hacking a Burner’s Firmware

Following on from yesterday’s post I briefly outlined a problem that I was having with my LG GGW-H20L Super-Multi Blu-ray drive burning to a Shintaro single layer BD-R (Blu-ray disc recordable).

In a nutshell, it seemed that my burner did not know how to handle the Shintaro BD-R discs when it came to burning so I thought I’d have a go at seeing if I could fix this myself after my attempt to upgrade my burner to the latest firmware (being YL07 at the time of writing) didn’t fix the problem

First up, I had to get the media identiciation code of the Shintaro BD-R I was using. I used an application called DVD Identifier to do the job. It’s just a matter of popping in the blank disc, running the application and clicking the Identify button on the BD-R/-RE tab.

DVD Identifier - Shintaro BD-R Results

DVD Identifier - Shintaro BD-R Results

As we can see, there’s quite a bit of information there including burn speeds supported by the disc, number of layers, capacity and type. However, the details in which I was most interested were the Manufacturer ID (“CMCMAG”) and Media Type ID (“BA5″). We’ll see why later on.

The next step was to extract the firmware from my burner so I could examine its contents. Sounds scary and perhaps rightly so for people who don’t normally poke around in the nether regions of device memory! The utility I used for this is called Flasher (otherwise knows as Devilsclaw’s Flasher). There are versions available for:

  • Linux (32-bit),
  • Mac OS X,
  • Windows (32-bit and 64-bit).

I used the 64-bit Windows version and ran it from an administrative command line to make sure I didn’t run into any problems with being unable to access my burner’s internal memory. I then executed the following commands after navigating to the folder containing the flasher (and note case sensitivity):

  • flasher -D
    • this gives you a list of all optical drives in the computer and their ID numbers.
  • flasher -d x -m main_firmware.bin
    • this contains the Manufacturer ID and Media Type ID data for the drive – replace x in the command with the ID number obtained in the last step corresponding with the drive from which you want to extract firmware.

After a while the utility should have done its job.

Flasher - Extract Burner Firmware

Flasher - Extract Burner Firmware

Don’t close the command prompt as you will need it later on.

The next step is to check out the extracted firmware with a hex editor and I used Hex Workshop. Fire it up and open up the main_firmware.bin file that was extracted in the last step. We want to do a text search for the Manufacturer ID (CMCMAG) in the file which you can do as follows:

  • Hit Ctrl + F on the keyboard,
  • On the Criteria tab select Text String from the drop down menu,
  • In the Value box type in “CMCMAG”,
  • Click OK,
  • The first matching value will be highlighted and in its vicinity you should also find something resembling the Media Type ID (something similar to “BA5″ that we identified for the Shintaro disc that started this exercise),
  • Hit F3 if you don’t find the exact Media Type ID or something close to it.

In this example, the sixth hit found something of interest:

Hex Workshop - GGW-H20L YL07 Firmware Typo

Hex Workshop - GGW-H20L YL07 Firmware Typo

Eleven characters along from the sixth hit is the text “BB5″ which looks like a Media Type ID. This text is odd as the two prior references to the Manufacturer ID of “CMCMAG” had Media Type IDs of “BAx” where x was a number. Potentially, the “BB5″ is a typo and was meant to be “BA5″ so I am going to try changing it to “BA5″ and save the firmware file under a new filename in the same folder like “main_firmware_new.bin”.

So now, we need to flash the firmware to our drive. Needless to say you should bear in mind the following:

  • Updating your burner’s firmware has the potential to really mess up your burner from minor weird behaviour through to complete lack of operation,
  • Uploading unofficial firmware can void your burner’s warranty,
  • Don’t turn off the computer while the firmware is uploading,
  • Updating your burner’s firmware has the potential to really mess up your burner from minor weird behaviour through to complete lack of operation (yes, I’m saying this again).
To upload the firmware, go back to the command prompt window and type in the following command:
  • flasher -d x -f main_firmware_new.bin
Flasher - Upload Updated Burner Firmware

Flasher - Upload Updated Burner Firmware

During flashing of the updated firmware, the light on your burner should flash.

After flashing, you may find that the drive may have also ejected the tray and is now unresponsive. Don’t be alarmed, just shut down your computer (i.e. power it off, not just a reboot) and it should come good during the subsequent boot up. The tray should also retract by itself by you can manually retract it yourself at this point by pushing the button on the front of the drive.

Once back up and running, the true test is in burning to our problematic disc. So how did I go?

CDBurnerXP - Successful Burn

CDBurnerXP - Successful Burn

Well, my burn actually managed to get out of the starting blocks which made a welcome change and the whole disc managed to burn successfully, In fact, I have now burnt to three of the Shintaro discs without a problem at all – not a bad result!

9 comments

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  1. Merzon

    Thanks for the detailed info
    it worked fine on my burner too

    1. Boyd Chan

      No worries and good to hear!

  2. manotroll

    aqui não esta aindo esta dando falha ao atualizar

    1. Boyd Chan

      Apologies, I had to put your response through Google Translate which gave me:

      “Here is not giving this opening fails to update.”

      I am guessing you edited the firmware and then attempted to flash it then it failed?

  3. Dodge

    Hello
    I have a problem, my DVD-Rw Optiarc 1D-7561S does not work properly reading DVDs but it still burn Dvds and read CDs, i didn’t found the right firmware update from Hp website or from the Optiarc website, i was looking for a solution how to extract a firmware and to change it and then i find this website and what i need now is to know exactly what prevent my dvd drive to work properl in reading dvds so i can do manualy the update to the firmware but i don’t know how i should proceed.
    Lot of people are posting in several forums about this Optiarc dvd drive problem that have stopped working but no one of them have resolved the problem, they just buy another one so it’s a shame for the HP manifaacturer and the Sony optiarc.

  4. Dodge

    Can you post the website when we can download all these software ? thanks

    1. Boyd Chan

      All of the software is linked within the article – you just need to click on the links to find the referenced software.

  5. Jack

    Hello.
    I just bought a large number of Verbatim BD-R X6 of course the burner rejected media. I am not very proficient in cmd prompts, so I misplaced files, but after many tries I finally burned and verified BD-R. Since LG does not post new firmware, I will not buy their products in the future. Thanks for detailed info. JT

    1. Boyd Chan

      Yeah, I was disappointed with the support for the LG Blu-ray burner particularly compared to products from other manufacturers in the past (Lite-On was renowned for its DVD burner firmware updates last decade).

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